SUPPLEMENT TO THE "EYANPA AUGUST. 1.806. they had another storm at the Agen- cy, extending down to Nebraska, covering the ground with 2 feet hail- stones, as had been told by different parties. The succeeding Monday some of the people made ice cream of the hail-stones, which had fallen the preceding Saturday. The much esteemed and zealous Father Jutz S. ■I. Superior of Holy Rosary .Mission has been removed to the East whilst the good Father Bosch S. J. replaces him at Holy Rosarv Mission. We are most grateful for these inter- esting details and hope in a short time to receive a general account of all the proceedings of the last Indian Congress. Financial Report and Statement of membership of the different Catholic Societies attending the Sioux Indian Congress at Pine NEWS PROM PINE RIDGE AGENCY, S- DAK. I have been waiting for ne the Congress and having received none as yet, 1 give from a friendly: letter I received August 1, the few following items: — '•Received vour letter, should have liked better to see you in per- son, had you come, you would have made pur traveling expenses. As for particulars regarding the Con- gress,— suppose those ro whom you addressed will send vou the items for publication. The visitors attend- ing the Congress were from 1600 to 2000. One who counted the wagons told me there were 26S not counting Standing Rock 'people who had 116, Cherry Creek 129 wagons and Pine Ridge about 100. Ail seemed well j m«|g e Agency, July 1896. satisfied. The Congress came off very successfully and doubtlessly I much good and it is to be hoped will do more next year. Five of the Faih- airily annexed special blessings to those meetings. The Bishop spoke to them in a very en- couraging manner and. also recom- mended the t: B y a n p a ha" The In- dians have resolved, to make a peti- tion to the next Congress to respect their rights and allow the Catholics as well as the Protestants and heath- ens to have their children educated as they wish; the money does not be- long to the Whites but to the Ind- l the same way as the price paid for a pony to an Indian is his and the Whit-eman has no right to tell the Indian how to dispose of that money. Lightining struck St. Joseph's Church at Bear Creek the 7th inst, injuring the Cross on the steeple and a little inside. Had the Congress been there on the Fourth, the people would have been on their way home. One from there wrote me: "I think God wants to punish us because we are no good Catholics." The crops looked fair in some places but quite frequent and fearful hail storms have played havoc on them. In May a hail-storm broke about 1,400 window-panes at St. Francis Mission Rose-Bud. The 18th of July' White Clay St. Joseph's Society. Organized Sept. 6, 1895 Jeer President. a t iiroux, Treasurer. Members 55 Collected $52 82 Festivals §22 00 Congress $17 75 Sick $11 04 Cash on hand S2 03 Medicine Ri ■ : j Peter Hefiakaonjinr St. Mary's Society Organized May '00 . Frank Naicijin Treas. Members .20 Louisa Biannes, Pres. Eraily Montreaux, Treas. \- -A t> h o. m- i *.. . ••*• ■ -. Cannon Ball, St. Elizabeth's Mis Collected 75 1 Congress 75 , St - Mar ^ " s Society, members 78 new 1G. Carrie Ispa Pres. Alma Parkins treas. Dear Greek St. Joseph's society, Members 17. William Randall, Pres. Peter Lerloux Treasurer. Statement not given. Bear Creek. St. Mary's saiety, Jessie Randall, Pies. Treas. Collected Sick Congress members 24. Jennie Ledeux, 811.30 10.30 1.00 Fort Yates St. Joseph's Society, members 61. Benedict Akieitanajin, Pros. Baptist Pierre, Treas. Collected, $157.33 Expenses 125.43 Cash on hand 28. 90 St. Mary's Society, members 55, Jennie Cramsie, Pres. Sci ca Standing Soldier, Treas. Collected 1 Expenses Cash on hand Wounded Knee." Yellow Owl, Pres. .-' bsent Por< pine. Samuel Rock, Pres. Aleck Monsson, Treas. St. Joseph's Society, Members Collected Sick Congress Porcupine, Alice Monsson, Pres, Jennie White Cloud, Treas. St, Mary's Society, Members Collected 37 S3 30 1 00 2 30 29 00 00 00 00 Medicine Root. St. Jos, society Organized May 10, 1896. Louis Monsson, Pres. Lucien Biannes, Treas, Members 27 Collected $1 65 Sick r ... 1 00 Congress Oak Or : St. Joseph's Soc'ty, Members 66, new 14. Eugene Hawkbear, Pres. Lcru beans, Treas. Sick and dead Sol 05 Missionary work 105 95 Cash on hand 28 44 Oak Creek. St. Mary's society, Members 63, new Cecilia Grass, Pres. Frances Oyuhpe- win Treasurer. Collected 180 45 Sick and dead 36 95 Missionary work 129 80 Cash on hand 13 70 Madbear'b Camp, St. Edward's mission. St Joseph's Society, Members 21 Charles Winohct.ska Pres. Prank Martin, Treas. il55.25 153.00 2.25 St, Benedict's Mission, St. Joseph's society, members 80, new 12. Leo Mato Ite Pres.. Paul I ton-mi Treasurer. Collected Sick and poor 82.45 Missionary work & Eyanpaha (5.) 25.00 Cash on hand 65 , 17 Collected Expenses Cash on hand 151 59 55 85 $95 74 Madbear's Camp. St. Edward's mission. St Mary's society, Members 21, now 3 Rupina Ptemaniwin Pres. Aloysia Scholastica Wakapawin, treas. Collected $202 36 Expenses $83 30 Cash on hand $119 06 Cannon Ball. St Elizabeth's Mission. 65 St. Jos. Society, members 62. new 12. St. Benedict's Mission. St. Mary's So- ciety, members 76, new 10. Josephine Tallin kewastewin, Pres. Emma Agard, Treas. Collected §3181.50 Expenses 137.65 Cash on hand 43.85 Grand River, St. Joseph's Society, members 93, new 14. Francis TaSunkaluza, Pres. Isidore Miniyo, Treas, Collected. 8180.54 Festivals 110.54 wk 70 . 00 Grand River, St. Mary's members, 132, new 23. Antelope, Pies. Emma Pankeska, Treasurer. Collected $318.28 ;, p UJgej 292 . 70 Cash on hand 25.58 White Thunder Creek. St Joseph's Society, members 45 Louis Maynard Pres. John Yellow Wolf, Treas. Collected $H 50 Sick and dead 114 25 Cash on hand .25 AUGUST, Cannon Ball, St. Joseph's Society, members 28, new 5. Bernard Oyeknakbeza Pres. Alex Middle, Treas. Collected §99.55 Expenses69.55 Cash on hand 30.00 St. Mary's Society, members 55, new 1. Louisa McLaughlin, Pres. Franeisca Ramsey, Treas. Collected $76. 00 Expenses 5S.35 Cash on hand 17.65 Cheyenne Agency, Cherry Creek, St. Joseph's Society, membeis 88, new 17, John Hihangi, Pres. John Ta- tankawanbli Treas. Collected 32.00 Festivals 7.00 Missionary work 8.00 Congress 10.00 Cash on hand 7.00 Rosebud, St. Francis Mission. St. Joseph'ssoeioty, 79, members, new 39. Louia Bordeaux Pres, Paul Goodvoice Treas. Collected $78 45 Sick and dead 835 00 Festivals 10 45 Congress 14 00 Loaned $19 00. ROSEBUD. 2t. Mary's society, members,73, new 33 Julia Bordeaux Pres. Susie Battle gown, Treas. Collected $82 95 Sic and dead 18 50 Missionary work * Eyanpaha 13 00 Congress $24 45 Festivals 5 00 Loaned 4 00 Cash on hand 18 00 Cherry Creek. St. Mary's society, members 128, new 20. Annie Williams, Pres. Louisa Nar- cell, Treas. Collected $206 27 Missionary work fcEyaupha ($10.) $12 47 Sick and funerals $24 05 Festivals 40 00 Congress 29 50 Cash on hand 70 25 Bad River. St. Catherine's Mission. bt Joseph's Society, members 47 Mazahanpa Pres. J. Strikes Treas. Collected Missionary work, & Eyanpaha $13 00 Sick »cd dead «514 50 Festivals 36 25 Congress ] 55 '-ash <n, ha.! Bad River, St. Catherine's Mission. St Mary's society, members 47, new 3. Ellen Zuwila Pres. Susan Zitkaluta- win, Treas. Collected $57 45 Missionary work 17 00 Festivals 10 00 Sick 17 05 Cash on hand 13 40 Crow Creek, Immaculate Conception. St. Joseph's Society, members 30, new 2. Eugene Wounded Knee Pres. Rev. Father Fintan, Treas. Collected $145 70 Festivals $62 40 Sick and funerals 30 80 Congress 33 Missionary work 5 00 Cash on hand 13 70 Crow Creek, St. Mary's, memb. 31, new 3. Lila Wankiciyakapi Pies. Jennie Black Treas. Collected $142 85 Expenses $47 00 Cash on hand 95 85 Lower Brule. St. Joseph's Society, members 40. George Gika Pres. Felix Brown Treas. Collected $53 79 Sick and poor 23 58 Funeral 3 00 Congress 25 00 Cash on hand 2 21 Lower Brule. St. Mary's Society, members 45. Katie Redsnake Pres. Emma Tiyowa- kanwin, Treas. Collected 29 45 Expenses 1fl W Cash on haud 1 1 45 White River. St. Jo«eph*s society. u,embersl8. Justin White-Feather-Tail, Pies. William Bordeaux, Treas. Collected $78.95 Missionary work a Eyanpaha 13.00 Sick 14.20 Congress 46.75 Cash on hand 5.00 White River. St. Mary's society, members 37. Susie Helps^Them, Pres. Mary Bordeaux, Treas, Collected $35.39 Siok and dead 10.00 Eyanpaha 10.00 Congress Cash on hand .80 White Thunder Creek. St. Mary's society, memb. 40. Maggie Ronbadieaux, Pres. Susie De- Soureey, Treas. Collected $6.65 Sick 2.00 Cash on hand 4.65 THE LATIN LANGUAGE. USED IN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH. From the Cmholic Tribune, ST. Joseph, Mo. Big Oak Creek. St. Joseph's society, members 23. Thomas Flood, PreB. James Look, Treas. Collected $9. 35 Sick 3. 35 Congress 5.00 Cash on hand 1-00 CROW-HILL. THE two assembly houses, that of the men and women are in a most deiapidat- ed condition, the rain pours in and dur ing the high winds & storms it is rocked as a ship on sea and in great danger of the roofs being blown off. Rev. Father Claude O. S. B. of Woonsocket, S. Dak. was the first and only one who immedi- ately sent me two dollars as a help to- wards repairing the above mentioned buildings to which I referred in the last issue. If there are any others who can con- tribute a little and send it in as soon as possible, no matter how small the offering may be, it will be most gveatfully received by Fatheu Jbbomb 0. S. B. Fort Totten, N. Db!:. Going into the Church we find every- thing carried on in Latin, the Mass, the Vespers, the funeral services; the ad- ministering of the sacrhinents; the lan- guage of the Church is not that of any modern people, but the tongue spoken by the people of the Roman Empire. Why do we not have it so that wo t-au understand it? There are good reasons for this. Latin was the language spoken by the ancient people of Rome, At that time, the Greek alone excepted, all other tongues were rough and barbarous com- pared with it. Centuries before Christ it had been cultivated and refined by Rome's most gifted sons. Virgil had worked on it, Horace refined it, TacitUB and Cassar had purified it, Cicero and Quintillian had delivered their orations and written their masterly works in it. The poets, the philo ophers, the orators and statesmen of the fairest portions of the world had worked to beautify that tongue till at length itbecamethe finest, the sweetest, the most beautiful, and the most cultivated of the languages of men. And is it not just and right that we use so cultivated and so beautiful a language in the praises of the Lord? At the time of our Lord, Rome had ',;. hot: soldiers into n, : ■■ part of the known world, and her Em- pire streched from the Straits of Gibral- tar nearly to the rivers of India, and from the boarders of the Great Desert to the forests of the north of Europe and the bleak Highlands of Scotland. Everywhere they had been victorious, and the conquered tribes and nations adopted their language, till the larger part of of ancient Europe became near- ly latinized as the Romans themselves; and for that reason we find that the framework of nearly all the modern languages of Europe is Latin. More than half of our English, two thirds of the French, three-fourths of the Spanish, and nearly all of the Italian words are of Latin origin. Thus it became the mother-tongue of Europe; and is it not just and right that the Church, the civilizer of Europe, should have in her services that tongue which is the mother of all others? We alone go back more than eighteen centuries, and as a remem- brance of our ancient origin we keep that language of the Roman Empire to show all men that we alone came from that olden time of Apostles, of Martyrs and of Christ. For at that time the language spoken in Pilate's court, when our Lord was tried and condemned to death, was Latin. The inscription on the Cross was in the same. The sol- diers around the top of Calvary guard- ing the dying Son of God spoke Latin. The guard about the tomb spoke the same. St. Paul wrote it. The Apostles preached in it. Each nation oftheeivil- 1896. ized world at that time knew it. When you see the services of the Church in ' Latin think of her antiquity and that she alone of ail the things of earth goes back to the times of the Roman Empire, to the times of the Apostolic age; thus she has kept the Latin to teli all men that she came from that olden time of Christ. Every language spoken changes. From generation to generation the words lose their meaning, till at length it is a speech different from the original. The Latin, spoken first by the people of Italy, by the lapse of time has become the Italian; the Hebrew tongue, so pure in the time of the Patriarchs and Proph- ets, at the time of Christ had changed into the Syro Chaldaic; the English of old is no more the English of today, as we see by the language of the Bible translated in the sixteenth century, and the books printed in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries can be read only with difficulty. The people of Canada differ in their language from the people of France; the people of the United States speak no more the exact English of their forefathers from England, thus, little by little the spoken words lose their meaning, take other shades different from that which they once had, 'rill at length words are no more the same as of old. Words are like so many vessels which hold the ideas, the thoughts, and the doctrines. While the words remain the same, the ideas and the doctrines will not change. When the words change, the dcetrine will soon be lost. by our Lord and the Apostles must be the same today as when first it was preached on Judea's hills. And to keep that doctrine pure and unaltered, the Church uses the Latin, because it is a dead language, so as to keep the truths without changing. The words that St. Augustine and Ambrose used in the fifth century, and the language of St. Thomas and St. Bonaventure in the thirteenth century, are the same today as then, and as they were when St. Pan I wrote his Epistles, and long before these times when the Roman soldiers went forth to conquer. And if the Church had not that one unchanging language, in the natural course of things, in a lit- tle time her doctrine and her teaching would change as the modern tongue would lose its meaniDg, she would soon cease to preach and teach the same to- day as in olden times. The Church is not of one nation or for one people, but the Son of God founded her to teach one doctri: nations composing one human race. Humanly speaking this would be , im- possible without one tongue. Soon she would be divided into as many religions as there are peoples. Each nation would have a Church of its own, a church of men instead of a Church of God, and they would no more be by one language. That has always ta- ken place when any nation w gave up the Latin and used the modern languages in their services, as wo see in the national Church of Russia, and in 1 the established Church of England.